Christmas time is the best opportunity to enjoy of food and drink, specially prepared to celebrate the season.
The main dish could be accompanying by a selection of soups, seafood, pates and serrano hams. Spain has to offer the most common dishes around the world:
About dessert we can offer trifle or fruit, however mostly Spanish Christmas sweets are prepared:
Christmas is one of the hopefully celebrations of the year, especially for kids and celebrated even by many non-Christians. The holiday is observed generally December 25th to celebrate the Jesus's birth, the central figure of Christianity. We have lot of reasons to consider traditions like deeply religious throughout Latinamerica and Spain.
In the most countries of Spanish culture, Navidad (Christmas) lasts around 30 days begins December 8th with Immaculate Conception's feast and runs through January 6 with Three Kings Day, when children find gifts left by the Reyes Magos (Wise Men). A tradition similar to the role of Papa Noel (Santa Claus), children write them letters requesting special gifts.
The Christmas Eve in Spain, known as Nochebuena or the Good Night, has an atmosphere really festive and the tiny oil lamps are lits in every house. According to the history, the rooster was the first to announce the Christ's birth, is that the reason for people celebrated a mass at midnight, known in Spain and Latinamerica as "La Misa del Gallo" or "Rooster Mass". Once meal and mass over, people return to home to realize the most hopefully tradition activity, where children receive gifts in named of "The Wise Men"
The Spanish language originated in the Southwest region of Europe known as the Iberian Peninsula. Sometime before the end of the 6th century BC, the region's first inhabitants, the Iberians, began to mingle with the Celts, a nomadic people from central Europe. The two groups formed a people called the Celtiberians, speaking a form of Celtic.
Under Roman rule, in 19 BC, the region became known as Hispania, and its inhabitants learned Latin from Roman traders, settlers, administrators, and soldiers. When the classical Latin of the educated Roman classes mixed with the pre-Roman languages of the Iberians, Celts, and Carthaginians, a language called Vulgar Latin appeared. It followed the basic models of Latin but borrowed and added words from the other languages.
Even after the Visigoths, Germanic tribes of Eastern Europe, invaded Hispania in the AD 400s, Latin remained the official language of government and culture until about AD 719, when Arabic-speaking Islamic groups from Northern Africa called Moors completed their conquest of the region. Arabic and a related dialect called Mozarabic came to be widely spoken in Islamic Spain except in a few remote Christian kingdoms in the North such as Asturias, where Vulgar Latin survived.
During the succeeding centuries, the Christian kingdoms gradually reconquered Moorish Spain, retaking the country linguistically as well as politically, militarily, and culturally. As the Christians moved South, their Vulgar Latin dialects became dominant. In particular, Castilian, a dialect that originated on the Northern Central plains, was carried into Southern and Eastern regions.
Castilian & andalusianThe resulting language was a hybrid because Castilian borrowed many words from Mozarabic, and modern Spanish has an estimated 4,000 words with Arabic roots.
The creation of a standardized Spanish language based on the Castilian dialect began in the 1200s with King Alfonso X, who was called the Learned–King of Castile and Leon. He and his court of scholars adopted the city of Toledo, a cultural center in the central highlands, as the base of their activities. There, scholars wrote original works in Castilian and translated histories, chronicles, and scientific, legal, and literary works from other languages (principally Latin, Greek, and Arabic). Indeed, this historic effort of translation was a major vehicle for the dissemination of knowledge throughout ancient Western Europe. Alfonso X also adopted Castilian for administrative work and all official documents and decrees.
The Castilian dialect of Spanish gained wider acceptance during the reign of the Catholic monarchs Isabella of Castile and Ferdinand of Aragón, who completed the reconquest of Spain in 1492 by pushing the Moors from their last stronghold in the southern city of Granada. Isabella and Ferdinand made Castilian the official dialect in their kingdom. In the same year the Moors were defeated, an important book appeared: Antonio de Nebrija's Arte de la lengua castellana (The Art of the Castilian Language). It was the first book to study and attempt to define the grammar of a European language.
The Castilian dialect of Toledo became the written and educational standard in Spain, even though several spoken dialects remained. The most noteworthy was Andalusian, a dialect spoken in the southern city of Seville in the Andalucía region.