Climate: Cold winters, hot summers in the inland areas; more temperate seasons along the coast
Not all Spaniards are native speakers of (Castilian) "Spanish". There are in fact four official languages in Spain (Castilian, Catalan, Basque and Galician), three unofficial regional languages (Asturian, Aragonese and Aranese), and several more dialects of these (Andalucian, Valencian...). Almost all Spaniards can speak Castilian Spanish though.
In addition to Spain, the Spanish language is spoken in the following countris: Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Uruguay, Venezuela. Spanish is also spoken in parts of Andorra, Belize, Gibraltar, Morocco, the Philippines and the USA.
Owning one's home is very important to Spanish people, and indeed some 80% of Spanish households do - one of the highest rates in Europe. 65% of them live in apartments though, which is the highest proportion in the EU.
The Spaniards have a completely different life rythmn from other Europeans. They typically have lunch between 1 and 3 pm, dinner around 10 pm, and rarely sleep before the early hours of the night.
Spain is traditionally a strongly religious country (Roman Catholicism). However, only 76% of Spaniards now identify themselves as Catholics, and only about 20% are regular church-goers.
Spanish-speaking cultures have been very propitious for the development of new dance styles, such as Flamenco (inspired by Andalusian, Islamic, Sephardic, and Gypsy cultures), Merengue (Hispano-African), Salsa, Mambo and Cha-cha-cha (African and Cuban), Rumba (African, Amerindian and Spanish), etc.
Spanish culture greatly influenced modern art from the late 1800's, with artists like Antoni Gaudí (Art Nouveau), Pablo Picasso (expressionism, cubism, surrealism), Joan Miró (surrealism), or Salvador Dalí (surrealism).
58 million tourists go to Spain every year, making it the fourth most visited country in the world.
Spain is renowned for its lively festivals, the most famous of which are :
San Fermín ("running of the bulls") in Pamplona
Tomatina ("tomato battle") in Buñol
Fallas (St. Joseph's Day) in Valencia
Moros i Cristians (commemoration of battles between Moors and Christians) around Valencia
the Mystery Play of Elx (medieval lyrical drama ranked Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity by the UNESCO), near Valencia
the Carnival nationwide, especially the one of Cádiz
According to numerous opinion polls, the Spanish people generally like King Juan Carlos as an individual, but are at the same time, for the great majority, anti-monarchist.
Contrarily to the popular image abroad, the majority of contemporary Spaniards does not approve of bullfighting. The practice has even been banned in the Canaries (since 1991) and in Catalonia (since 2009). The heartland of bullfighting is essentially Andalusia and Castille (mostly in and around Madrid).
Tomatoes, potatoes, avocados, tobacco, and cacao, were all brought to Europe (then spread around the world) by the Spaniards from their American colonies. All these words were imported from Spanish language into English, which explains why they end in "-o".
The Spanish colonies in the Americas (except Cuba and Puerto Rico, lost to the USA in 1898) became independent between 1809 and 1825, mostly due to Napoleon's occupation of Spain between 1808 and 1814.
Spain did not participate in either the First or Second World War.